Hosting PHP websites (FileMaker Server only)
Custom Web Publishing with PHP lets you use the PHP scripting language to integrate data from FileMaker Pro databases with your customized web page layouts. In your web pages, you call the FileMaker API for PHP, which is a PHP class created by FileMaker that accesses databases hosted by FileMaker Server. This PHP class connects to the Web Publishing Engine and makes data available to the web server's PHP engine.
For information on developing a PHP website and preparing a database, see Claris Server and FileMaker Server Custom Web Publishing Guide.
Note For Linux, Custom Web Publishing with PHP and XML is not supported. For Windows and macOS, a PHP engine and FileMaker PHP API are not installed with FileMaker Server. For more information, see PHP no longer bundled with FileMaker Server in the Claris Engineering Blog.
To host a website that uses Custom Web Publishing with PHP:
In FileMaker Pro, open the database and edit the privilege set for the account that will access the database. Enable the extended privilege Access via PHP Web Publishing - FMS only.
Note If your FileMaker Pro database solution uses more than one FileMaker Pro database file, all of the database files accessed using PHP must use this privilege set with the extended privilege Access via PHP Web Publishing - FMS only enabled.
Using the CLI, enable Custom Web Publishing with PHP using the following command:
fmsadmin set cwpconfig enablephp=true
If necessary, set additional options for Custom Web Publishing with PHP, such as locale or encoding.
Note Enabling PHP using the CLI returns an error if PHP is not installed.
In Admin Console, make sure the Web Publishing Engine is enabled on the primary machine. See Web publishing settings.
Verify that Custom Web Publishing with PHP is working in your FileMaker Server deployment. If you don't have a sample to use for testing, you can use the following PHP sample that retrieves data from a sample database. Enter the following URL into a web browser on the machine where FileMaker Server is installed:
If you see a success message and sample data from the FMServer_Sample database, then PHP is working in your FileMaker Server deployment.
Note PHP verification tests are unavailable in versions of FileMaker Server where PHP has been removed.
Prepare databases for Custom Web Publishing. See Claris Server and FileMaker Server Custom Web Publishing Guide.
Upload the database file to FileMaker Server. See Hosting databases.
Note If your FileMaker Pro database solution uses more than one FileMaker Pro database file, all of the database files must be on the same computer.
Copy your PHP files to the web server's root folder. In a multiple-machine deployment, this folder is on the primary machine. The following shows the default locations:
For IIS (Windows) through HTTP or HTTPS:
[drive]:\Program Files\FileMaker\FileMaker Server\HTTPServer\Confwhere
[drive]is the drive on which your FileMaker Server deployment resides.
For Apache (macOS) through HTTP:
For Apache (macOS) through HTTPS:
On macOS, make sure the folder ownership and permissions allow members of the fmsadmin group to edit the PHP files. See Users, groups, and permissions (FileMaker Server only, macOS).
If you have not already done so, copy or move any referenced container objects to the appropriate directory on the primary machine.
If a database container field stores a file reference instead of an actual file, then the referenced container object will be stored in the FileMaker Pro Web folder when the record is created or edited. To host your site on FileMaker Server, you must then copy or move the referenced containers to a folder with the same relative location in the root folder of the web server software.
See Claris Server and FileMaker Server Custom Web Publishing Guide for information about using container fields with PHP solutions.
To access your PHP website, use the following URL syntax:
<scheme>is the HTTP or HTTPS protocol.
<host>is the IP address or domain name of the FileMaker Server computer. For a multiple-machine deployment, you can use the IP address or the domain name of the primary machine or a secondary machine; the web server will forward the URL to the primary machine. (Use the IP address or domain name for the Web Publishing Engine on the Connectors > Web Publishing tab.)
<port>is optional and specifies the port that the web server is listening on. If no port is specified, then the default port for the protocol is assumed. For HTTP, the port is port 80; for HTTPS, the port is port 443.
<path>is optional and specifies the folder inside the web server root folder where the PHP file is located.
<filename>is the filename of a page in your website.