About FileMaker Pro solutions
In FileMaker Pro, solution, database, and file are all terms for what FileMaker Pro creates.
A solution is a file or set of files containing database tables, layouts, and scripts, and the associated data that you enter and work with. A solution also includes information such as fields and their definitions, calculations, passwords, and access privileges. Each solution solves one or more specific problems, such as tracking customers or invoices.
Note  FileMaker Pro includes an interactive tour that helps familiarize you with the product. To start the tour, choose Help menu > Product Documentation > Getting Started Tour. Then click Start the Tour.
What are tables?
Tables contain all the records, fields, and data in a file. For example, a Contacts file holds information pertaining to your friends or customers. A file can also contain multiple tables that, together, contain all the information about a particular topic or related topics (a relational database). See Defining database tables.
What are records?
To enter data into a file, you make a new record and enter data into the fields that belong to that record. After you create records in a file, you can work with them in various ways: you can edit them, sort them, find a group of records that contain a particular value or share the data across a network. See Adding and duplicating records.
What are fields?
Fields store, calculate, and display the data you have entered into a record. The information you put into a field — by typing, pasting, or importing from another application — is its value. Field values in a FileMaker Pro file can be text, numbers, dates, times, timestamps, pictures, sounds, movies, enclosed files, calculated values, and summary values. Each piece of information in a record — like a name, address, or telephone number — is stored in a field. See About defining database fields.
What are layouts?
FileMaker Pro layouts present data (the text entered into fields) contained in a file. Layouts determine how data is organized for viewing, printing, reporting, finding, and entering data. Layouts do not store your data; they just display it. When you change the design of a layout, it doesn’t affect the data or other layouts in the file. However, when you change data in a field on a layout, the changes are reflected in the same field on all the layouts in the file. You can set a layout to display and print one record, or as many as can fit on a page.
Within one file, you can design separate layouts for entering data, summary reporting, printing mailing labels, or publishing the solution on the web. You can have as many layouts for each file as disk space or maximum file size allows. See Creating and managing layouts and reports.
In a layout, you: